Armenia marked on Friday the 92nd anniversary of the establishment of the first short-lived independent republic that emerged from the ashes of the Russian Empire at the end of World War I.
As usual, the main ceremonies marking the public holiday in Armenia took place in Sardarapat, a village 40 kilometers west of Yerevan and the scene of a crucial battle between Armenian armed forces and the advancing Turkish army. After weeks of fierce fighting the Turkish offensive was repelled on May 26, 1918.
Armenia declared national independence after two days, restoring sovereignty over a tiny fraction of its historical lands after centuries of foreign rule.
The first republic ceased to exist in November 1920 when its Dashnak leadership in Yerevan, facing an imminent invasion by Kemalist Turkey, was forced to cede power to Kommunist Russia.
Armenia regained independence in 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union, of which it had been a part for nearly 70 years.